The promotion of self-affirmation, dignity, equality, and enhanced visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals as a social group is known as gay pride or LGBT pride. Pride, rather than shame and societal stigma, is the dominating attitude that fuels most LGBT rights initiatives. Pride has inspired the names of LGBT-related organisations, institutes, foundations, book titles, journals, a cable television station, and the Pride Library. Pride activities, which can range from solemn to carnivalesque, are often organised during LGBT Pride Month or another period that marks a watershed moment in a country’s LGBT history, such as Moscow Pride in May commemorating the anniversary of Russia’s 1993 legalising of homosexuality, LGBT pride parades and marches, rallies, commemorations, community days, dance parties, and festivals are examples of pride events.
The rainbow or pride flag, the lowercase Greek letter lambda , the pink triangle, and the black triangle are all common emblems of pride, the latter two rescued from use as badges of shame in Nazi concentration camps.
For LGBT persons in the United States, the 1950s and 1960s were severely restrictive legal and societal periods. In this setting, American homophile organisations such as the Daughters of Bilitis and the Mattachine Society organised some of the first LGBT rights demonstrations. These two organisations, in particular, held “Annual Reminders” pickets to inform and remind Americans that LGBT persons do not have basic civil rights protections. Annual Reminders first took conducted on July 4, 1965, at Independence Hall in Philadelphia.