National Cherry Blossom Festival


Spring is a popular season for many people, and nowhere is this more evident than in Washington, DC. Spring in nation’s capital heralds more than simply the coming of warmer weather, the majestic cherry blossom trees bloom this season, providing a dazzling sight of lovely pink blooms. If you visit DC in the spring, you’ll be there just in time to see the cherry blossoms and take part in the myriad celebrations that accompany their arrival.


The Cherry Blossom Festival had a humble origin as an annual event. Small celebrations were held to celebrate Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo’s gift of 3,000 cherry trees to the city of Washington, DC. On March 27, 1912, the inaugural ceremony was just the planting of the first two Japanese trees by then-First Lady Helen Herron Taft and Viscountess Chinda, the Japanese ambassador’s wife. Since then, the US and Japan have exchanged presents every year, including blossoming dogwood trees from the US to the Japanese people in 1915.

The First Lady’s Involvement-

It has been a tradition for the First Lady to participate in the annual Cherry Blossom Festival every year since First Lady Taft’s involvement. All of the First Ladies have been enthusiastic supporters of the festival, serving as honorary chairperson, participating in planting ceremonies, and greeting visitors during the opening ceremonies.

  • 1927:  DC school children re-enacted the initial planting and other activities, holding the first real festival.
  • 1935:  DC civic groups helped to expand the festivities.
  • 1994:  The Cherry Blossom Festival expanded to a two week event to accommodate the ever changing blooming schedule of the cherry trees.
  • 2012:  The 100th year anniversary of the original gift from Japan was celebrated with a 5 week celebration.
Posted in USA

Valentine’s Day R&B concert 2022 (R&B Bash)


Rhythm and blues, often known as R&B or rhythm and blues, is a term that refers to a variety of post-war African-American popular music as well as some white rock music influenced by it. When Jerry Wexler was editing the charts for the trade newspaper Billboard in 1947, he discovered that record labels recording Black popular music believed the chart titles of the period (Harlem Hit Parade, Sepia, and Race) were derogatory. After two years of using the phrase rhythm and blues in news articles, the magazine changed the name of the chart in its June 17, 1949, edition.

Although the records that followed featured on Billboard’s rhythm-and-blues chart in a variety of styles, the term “rhythm-and-blues” was used to include a number of current forms that emerged at the time. The term’s most widely accepted definition is as a description of sophisticated urban music that had been developing since the 1930s, when Louis Jordan’s small combo began making blues-based records with humorous lyrics and upbeat rhythms that owed as much to boogie-woogie as to traditional blues forms. Jump blues, as the song was called, developed a beat that became the dominant Black popular music genre during and after WWII.

Its most well-known practitioners included Jordan, Amos Milburn, Roy Milton, Jimmy Liggins, Joe Liggins, Floyd Dixon, Wynonie Harris, Big Joe Turner, and Charles Brown. Many of the songs in these vocalists’ repertoires were traditional 12-bar A-A-B blues, while others were pure pop melodies, light jazz instrumentals, or pseudo-Latin works.

Top R&B Concert Performers

  1. New Edition
  2. Khalid
  • Drake
  1. Alicia Keys
  2. John Legend
  3. Earth, Wind and Fire
  • Giveon

Valentine’s Day Love and R&B Tour Concert Experience

Valentine’s Day Love and R&B Tour has quickly established itself as one of the most popular R&B singers in the year 2022, exciting fans with a distinctive R&B sound. Valentine’s Day Love and R&B Tour tickets allow you to be in attendance at the upcoming Valentine’s Day Love and R&B Tour show. So come see a 2022 Valentine’s Day Love and R&B Tour R&B event in person and enjoy it up.

Vivid Seats’ 100 percent Buyer Guarantee allows you to purchase Valentine’s Day Love and R&B Tour tickets with confidence.

Update –

Due to the current state of the nation And The COVID 19, The Big R&B Show feat: Jagged Edge, Sysco w Dru Hill, Ginuwine & Jon B Scheduled for September 19th At The Baxter Arena, Has been postponed to Feb 12th, 2022 for a Big Valentine’s Day Weekend Show.
Currently held tickets will be honored for the new date, and no action is needed. Your ticket will be honored for the rescheduled date. For any further ticket inquiries please reach out to point of purchase.

Valero Credit Card review


Anyone who resides near a Valero, Shamrock, Diamond Shamrock, or Beacon gas station and spends at least 50 gallons of petrol every month should benefit from this gas card. Cardholders who use at least 75 gallons of gasoline each month are the best fit for the card; if you hit that threshold, the rebate doubles, putting it on level with some of the best gas rewards cards. Consumers who need help building their credit profile (in order to qualify for better cards in the future) are also eligible for the Valero card provided they pay their monthly bill in full. Expect no gas refund if you rarely spend more than $100 on gasoline each month. You will only receive a refund if you purchase at least 50 gallons per billing cycle.

Credit Card Details-

  • Individuals receive the Valero Card. On your account, you may add authorised users. If desired, the registered user’s name will be printed on the credit card.
  • You have the option of paying your entire bill each month or only the minimum, allowing you to keep your credit open.
  • On your monthly payment statement, you’ll see your GasCap® credit limit and available credit, Call at 1-800-333-3560 to seek a review of your GasCap® credit limit.
  • There will be no interest charged if you pay your account in full each month. The Standard APR will apply if you opt to cycle credit.
  • The credit card is intended for use in the purchase of gasoline and/or items, not in the purchase of cash.

Important contact details for Valero Credit Card-

  • Pay by phone by calling 1-800-333-3560 and using our automated response system (no fee applied).
  • Pay by phone by calling 1-800-333-3560 and speaking with a personal care representative during business hours to make an expedited payment (fee may apply).
  • If your card is lost or stolen, or needs to be replaced because it is damaged, you can request a replacement or an additional consumer credit card 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, using our automated customer service telephone system, toll free at 1-800-333-3560. Please have your credit card account number available

What’s the Valero Credit Card credit score requirement?

To apply for the Valero Credit Card, you’ll need a respectable credit score, which is in the 650s, which is similar to what other gas-only credit cards demand. Of course, they’ll look at your full credit history, so your credit score isn’t the only thing they’ll consider, but it’s the most essential. If you qualify, your initial credit limit should be in the $500-$1,000 area.

Man at Station

What’s the Valero Credit Card payment address?

The Valero Credit Card payment address is:
DSRM National Bank
P.O. Box 300
Amarillo, TX 79105-0300
When using mail, make sure to always post your payments at least 5-7 days before your due date, to avoid any late fees.
For faster processing, you could also pay your Valero Credit Card online or by calling (800) 333-3560.

Where can I use my Valero gas card?

The Valero gas card may be used at Valero, Beacon, Diamond Shamrock petrol stations, and Circle K shops to purchase gasoline. Regrettably, it’s a retail card (not on a network like Visa or MasterCard). As a result, you may only use it at those particular petrol stations. It’s issued by DSRM National Bank (DSRM stands for Diamond Shamrock Refining and Marketing), which was a division of Diamond Shamrock until Valero bought it.

Can I buy store items with my Valero Credit Card?

Yes, you may use your Valero Credit Card to purchase things at stores where the card is accepted. You can use this card for gasoline, products, services, and other approved things at the following locations:

  • Stations of Valero
  • Gas stations in Beacon
  • Gas stations with Shamrocks
  • DSRM National Bank credit cards are accepted at the following establishments.

How Do You Apply for the Valero Credit Card?

 It’s usually a good idea to check your credit before applying for any type of credit card. On, you can get a free snapshot of your credit reports, which includes two of your credit scores. Knowing your credit score will help you choose which credit cards you are eligible for. Remember that the top rewards credit cards usually demand strong or exceptional credit ratings. After you’ve determined your credit score, you’ll want to explore your choices for obtaining fresh credit. If you feel the Valero gas credit card is perfect for you, you can apply for it on the Valero website by filling out an online application.


  • A modest rebate for everyday drivers
  • A stronger rebate for heavy commuters and road trippers
  • Available to consumers who are building their credit

Disadvantage –

  • High interest rate
  • Can’t be used anywhere other than affiliated gas stations

Kivik Apple Market Festival in Sweden


The Kivik Apple Market is perhaps one of the oddest yearly events you’ve ever seen. This event has both a creative and a tasty element to it. Aside from apple-themed activities and crafts, the market provides a wide choice of apple varieties to pick, sample, and take home, as well as a delectable selection of apple delicacies and even an apple cider tasting course. Cider and apple wine from some of Sweden’s most recognised producers are served at the pub.

Kivik Apple Market Festival 2

Live music, gourmet delicacies, handmade crafts, and freshly brewed cider are all included at the Kivik Apple Market, which takes place every year in late September to celebrate the end of the harvest season. The Apple Market in Kivik, a small seaside town on the eastern edge of Skne, a Swedish province noted for its fresh and great food, is the perfect place to taste the region’s culinary and cultural attractions.

Swedish apple

The Apple Market has been bringing the entire community together for a weekend-long celebration since 1987. Kiosks providing wonderful local foods, as well as live music and cool drinks, are available. There are additional games for youngsters, as well as lots of apples. Aside from apple-themed activities and crafts, the market provides a range of apple varieties to sort, pick, sample, and take home, as well as a delectable assortment of apple delicacies and an apple cider tasting course.


Things to do in Sweden-

  • Try the traditional Swedish food
  • Taste the thrill at the Liseberg Theme Park
  • Attend a free jazz show at Lilla Hotellbaren
  • Shop for the ‘best things to buy’ in Sweden
  • Enjoy the gorgeous city views from Turning Torso
  • Witness the old Swedish lifestyle at Skansen
  • Go wildlife spotting at the Kolmarden Wildlife Park
  • Visit the Gothenburg Museum of Art
  • Enjoy a boat ride along the Gota Canal
  • Spend an evening at the Garden Society of Gothenburg
  • Learn a thing or two at Fotografiska
  • Indulge in kayaking
  • Stay for a night at the Icehotel
  • Explore the majestic Kalmar Castle
  • Take a tour of the Drottningholm Palace


Other famous festivals in Sweden-

  • Peace And Love Festival – The Name Says It All
  • Summerburst Festival – To Welcome Summer
  • Gothenburg Culture Festival – For Art And Culture
  • Stockholm Early Music Festival – A Classic Fest
  • Walpurgisnacht Festival – To Welcome Spring
  • Midsummer Festival – For Fun And Frolic
  • Stockholm Folk Festival – For Music Lovers
  • ReOrient Festival – Blend Of Traditional And Modern
  • Umea Kulturnatta – Experience Theatre And Drama

When the former Irish Prime Minister Brian Cowen nude portraits were hanged


In March 2009, two oil paintings depicting Ireland’s then-Taoiseach, Brian Cowen, in his underwear were briefly displayed in Dublin art galleries. The reaction of the media, lawmakers, and the Garda Sochána (Irish police force) sparked a long-running dispute dubbed “Portraitgate” by some. Conor Casby, a school teacher in his thirties from Claremorris, County Mayo, was eventually identified as the artist, who was first unnamed. On March 7, 2009, the first portrait was secretly hung in the National Gallery of Ireland. Casby is claimed to have entered the National Gallery carrying a shoulder bag, and located a free place for his photo and its caption among other portraits of important Irish people such as Michael Collins, W. B. Yeats, and Bono. Casby then left the building unnoticed by security.

After discovering the unauthorised painting, the National Gallery contacted garda. It stated that it had only been hanging in public view for twenty minutes before being removed, contradicting the Sunday Tribune’s report that it had been dangling for almost an hour.

At the end of the Nine O’Clock News on March 23, state network RTÉ aired a report on the hangings. Tadhg Enright’s report showed the paintings, got a 0% appraisal from an art expert, and stated that Cowen “is not thought to have posed for the unnamed artist.” On future newscasts, the report was not mentioned. The Nine O’Clock News apologised “for any personal offence caused to Mr Cowen or his family, or for any disrespect shown to the position of Taoiseach by [the previous] broadcast” on March 24. The original storey was taken down from RTÉ.ie’s online archives, and an apology was appended.

Senators Maria Corrigan and Mary O’Rourke of Fianna Fáil, as well as TDs M. J. Nolan and Michael Kennedy of Fianna Fáil, all criticised the RTÉ News broadcast as being in poor taste. Michael W. D’Arcy, a Fine Gael TD, described it as the “most unpleasant report I have seen on RTÉ in years.” Kennedy advocated compassion for Cowen’s wife and children’s sentiments, and asked for RTÉ Director-General Cathal Goan to quit. The station received multiple complaints about the report, including one from Eoghan Neachtain, the government press secretary, who claimed he was acting on his own initiative. Enda Kenny and Charles Flanagan of Fine Gael described it as a restriction on freedom of expression.

R. Kelly’s and Controversies


R. Kelly’s life been plagued by rumours ranging from salacious allegations to criminal accusations, here are a few to list :

R. Kelly has been accused of heinous sexual behaviour and abuse for a long time, some of which have been made public through documentaries or court filings. The R& B artist is back in court, this time in New York for a federal trial resulting from sexual assault allegations dating back years. He disputes the charges levelled against him.   Robert Sylvester Kelly is born in Chicago on January 8, 1967, to Joann Kelly, a schoolteacher. R. Kelly is the third of four children who grew up in Chicago’s public housing projects with his family. His father’s identity is unknown.

1979: Kelly stated he “experienced a lot of things at a very young age that I don’t know if I was meant to,” including witnessing an older youth rape one of his girlfriends, when he was 12 years old.

1984: At the age of 17, his music teacher places him in a local talent show to play a cover of Stevie Wonder’s “Ribbon in the Sky.” “It was like Spider-Man getting bitten that night. In 1995, he told Newsweek, “I realised the power you receive from being onstage.” In the years that follow, he performs full-time with his Casio keyboard in Chicago subway stations, often pretending to be blind to avoid imprisonment.

R. Kelly’s R&B group MGM wins the $100,000 grand prize on Natalie Cole’s syndicated television talent competition “Big Break” in 1990. That was the group’s final performance due to financial disagreements. Kelly is discovered singing at a barbecue by Jive Records executive Wayne Williams that summer.

His album “12 Play” is published in November 1993 and goes on to sell over 5 million copies. “Sex Me” was a hit single, as was “Bump N’ Grind,” which went on to become the longest-running No. 1 R&B song in more than 30 years.

R. Kelly marries 15-year-old R&B singer Aaliyah D. Haughton on August 31, 1994, at the age of 27. Kelly arranges for the pair to marry in a private ceremony at a Chicago hotel. Because of Aaliyah’s age, the marriage is dissolved months later.

Tiffany Hawkins makes a complaint against Kelly while she was a child on February 18, 1997, alleging intentional sexual abuse and sexual harassment.

January 1998: Hawkins’ lawsuit is reportedly settled for $250,000.

Tracy Sampson sues Kelly, claiming that their intercourse was illegal under Illinois law since he was in a “position of authority” over her. According to reports, the matter was resolved out of court for an unknown sum.

The Chicago Sun-Times claimed on Feb. 8, 2002, that it had acquired a videotape purportedly showing Kelly having sex with a juvenile. According to the newspaper, Chicago cops started looking into complaints involving Kelly and the same girl three years ago. The girl and her parents denied having sex with Kelly at the time.

JPMorgan Chase bank has filed a $2.9 million foreclosure against Kelly’s suburban Chicago property, according to Crain’s Chicago Business. According to a publicist, the musician is not in financial problems.

Faith Rodgers, 20, files a complaint against R. Kelly on May 21, 2018, alleging him of sexual battery, mental and verbal abuse, and knowingly infecting her with herpes during their year-long relationship.

Faith Rogers claims Kelly threatened to divulge embarrassing facts of her sexual past in a letter to one of her lawyers in October 2018, if she didn’t dismiss her May 2018 lawsuit accusing him of sexual assault.

Aug. 14, 2020:  Kelly’s manager was arrested in California on charges of threatening to shoot up a Manhattan theatre two years earlier, prompting an evacuation and the postponement of a documentary presentation about allegations that the singer sexually abused women and girls.

On August 18, 2021, Kelly’s long-awaited federal trial begins, following years of allegations that he sexually abused women and girls in the pursuit of fame and riches.

When Skater Nancy Kerrigan attacked!


This is, without a doubt, one of the most unethical, unsportsmanlike, and revolting moments in sports history. Onya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan were both superb ice skaters, obviously rivals on the rink, but there was never any suspicion that they didn’t fully accept one other’s accomplishments.

However, just before the 1994 U.S. Figure Skating Championships, a guy assaulted Kerrigan with a metal pole on her leg. The video is horrifying, with her sobbing and shouting, clearly in excruciating pain. Harding was not suspected of having anything to do with the incident at first, and she competed in the championships. Despite this, she came out and said that Harding, her now ex-husband, and her bodyguard had colluded to pay the man to break her leg.

Derrick Smith confessed to FBI agents on January 11. Stant surrendered and confessed three days later. On January 18, Harding was interrogated, although she denied any involvement. If Gillooly was to blame, she declared she would cut off all ties with him. Gillooly was charged with conspiracy to assault Kerrigan the next day. He agreed to a deal soon after in which he implicated Harding.

On January 11, Derrick Smith confessed to FBI officers. Three days later, Stant surrendered and confessed. Harding was interrogated on January 18, despite her denials of any involvement. She said that if Gillooly was to blame, she would terminate all relations with him. The next day, Gillooly was charged with conspiring to assault Kerrigan. Soon later, he agreed to a bargain in which he implicated Harding.

Harding was first barred from skating, but after threatening to lawsuit, they agreed to let her return. Harding finished sixth in the following Olympics, while Kerrigan, who had been recovered, won a silver medal—a sports feel-good moment.

Harding was coached by Diane Rawlinson as a figure skater throughout her childhood. She began working her way up the competitive skating ladder in the mid-1980s. In 1986, she finished sixth in the United States Figure Skating Championships, fifth in 1987 and 1988, and third in 1989. Harding began working with Dody Teachman, her instructor, after competing in the Nationals Championship in February 1989. She went on to win the Skate America competition in October 1989 and was a strong contender in the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in February 1990

Rosie Ruiz’s Legend of Eight Days of Glory


Rosie M. Vivas, a Cuban-American fraudster, was crowned the female winner of the 84th Boston Marathon in 1980, only to have her title revoked eight days later when it was determined that she had not completed the entire course.

Rosie Ruiz, a previously unknown runner, ripped the 1980 Boston Marathon to shreds. Rosie appeared out of nowhere to cross the finish line in a world-record time of 2:31:56 and without sweating sweat. She would have appeared like she could run the entire race again if she didn’t already appear to be a marathon runner. Her thighs’ cellulite turned out to be a dead giveaway. Rosie truly appeared out of nowhere. Rosie couldn’t remember any of the other racers’ names, and she couldn’t recall little details like her split timings, course scenery, or enormous crowds of people applauding. Aside from that, her strategy was faultless.

John Faulkner and Sola Mahoney, two Harvard students, recalled witnessing Ruiz emerge from a mob of onlookers on Commonwealth Avenue, half a mile from the finish line. Susan Morrow, a freelance photographer, met her on the subway during the New York City Marathon and accompanied her from the metro to the marathon not long after.

Ruiz seemed to win the female category of the Boston Marathon on April 21, 1980, with a timing of 2:31:56. Her timing would have been the third-fastest female time ever recorded in any marathon, as well as the fastest female time in Boston Marathon history. Ruiz, on the other hand, was the subject of suspicion virtually from the start. Bill Rodgers, the men’s champion, who had just won his third Boston Marathon in a row, saw that Ruiz couldn’t recollect several things that most runners recall, such as intervals and splits. Ruiz was not sweating or covered in sweat, and her thighs were not as slim and strong as those of a world-class runner, according to other observers. She later revealed the results of a stress test, which revealed that her resting heart rate was 76. The majority of female marathon runners had a resting heart rate of 50 beats per minute or below.

Her time of 2:31:56 was also an unusual improvement, coming in more than 25 minutes faster than her time from the New York City Marathon six months prior.She lost contact with Ruiz after that, but when news of Ruiz’s controversial Boston victory leaked, she stepped forward. Morrow claims she met Ruiz on the train and the two walked together a short distance to the finish line, where Ruiz introduced herself as an injured runner. She was brought to a first aid station, where volunteers recorded her completion of the marathon, qualifying her for the Boston Marathon.

Officials from the New York City Marathon initiated an inquiry but found no trace of Ruiz near the finish line. Ruiz was retroactively disqualified from the 1979 New York City Marathon on April 25, based on this and other evidence, with marathon director Fred Lebow claiming she could not reasonably have completed the entire length.

Ruiz was disqualified from the Boston Marathon later that week by the Boston Athletic Association. While New York’s action appeared to immediately disqualify Ruiz from Boston, officials in Boston wanted to conduct their own investigation before acting. Gareau was proclaimed the female champion, finishing in 2:34:28, the fastest time for a woman in the Boston Marathon at the time.

Floyd Landis: A man of deity to disgrace


Landis, an American cyclist, was competing in the Tour de France in 2006 and was a long way back on stage 16. Nonetheless, he miraculously returned in the next round. This is when the first allegations of doping surfaced. Doping and cycling were not synonymous back then, and the usage of any kind of steroid was quite unusual. Landis’ urine results, however, came back three times higher than the amount of testosterone in his body, indicating that he was doping. Despite the fact that the controversy was already significant, it revealed a great number of other cyclists who had used steroids or some other form of performance-enhancing substance. There is evidence to suggest that Landis’ positive test was the consequence of one or more blood transfusions given to him during that year’s Tour. This could explain why Landis’ testosterone levels were not detected at early rounds of the race and only became positive after the notorious Stage 17 breakaway.

Landis’ doping charge was upheld by an American Arbitration Association tribunal by a 2-1 vote on September 20, 2007. Landis received a two-year suspension as a result of his actions. Landis agreed not to race in France in 2007 so that a hearing on his case could be postponed as long as possible. The French Anti-Doping Agency judged him guilty of doping on December 19, 2007, and imposed him a two-year sanction, preventing him from racing in France until early 2009.

Landis appealed the ruling to the Court of Arbitration for Sport after the verdict. On June 20, 2008, he was unsuccessful in his appeal.  Landis filed a motion in federal court in September 2008, claiming that the CAS arbitration verdict was tainted by bias and conflicts of interest throughout its procurement. Landis and the USADA decided to terminate the lawsuit with prejudice in December 2008, leading some to conclude that the USADA waived the $100,000 fine in exchange for the end of the litigation. Regardless of the reasons for dismissal, the case is now closed and closed.

“Black Sox” the Scandal of World Series 1919


The “Black Sox Scandal,” as it is now known, occurred during the 1919 World Series, when the Chicago White Sox were pitted against the Cincinnati Reds. It included eight players who were banned from MLB for the rest of their lives for knowingly losing games during the World Series in exchange for enormous sums of money. Arnold “Chick” Gandil organised the games, and it was he who persuaded his teammates to accept the money as well. This controversy is the subject of the wonderful film Eight Men Out, and it is still a hot topic when it comes to the Hall of Fame eligibility of “Shoeless” Joe Jackson (a player for the White Sox at the time whose involvement has been extensively questioned).

In the months following the championship loss, rumours of a fix persisted. Hugh Fullerton, a columnist who examined the 1919 series and later authored the famous storey “Is Big League Baseball Being Run for Gamblers, With Players in the Deal?” for the New York Evening World, spearheaded the case. “I feel my boys fought the battles of the previous World Series on the level,” Chicago White Sox owner Charles Comiskey said, dismissing any allegations of misconduct. Despite his denials, evidence ultimately revealed that Comiskey was tipped off about a suspected fix early in the series and attempted to suppress the storey to preserve his financial interests.

Baseball’s top brass seemed content to leave the 1919 World Series alone, and it did so until August 31, 1920, when proof emerged that gamblers had fixed a regular-season game between the Cubs and the Phillies. A grand jury was formed to look into the matter, and talk quickly shifted to the World Series from the previous year.

Bill Maharg, a gambler, went forward with an account of his personal involvement in the fix around the same time. Eddie Cicotte opted to testify in front of the grand jury as the accusations escalated. The pitcher revealed his role in the controversy during a dramatic mea culpa, stating, “I don’t know why I did it… I required the funds. I was responsible for my wife and children.”

Gandil, Cicotte, Williams, Risberg, Felsch, McMullin, Weaver, and Jackson—dubbed the “Black Sox”—were charged with nine charges of conspiracy in October 1920. The players breezed through their June 1921 trial after all the paper documents relating to their grand jury admissions vanished under strange circumstances, despite being chastised in the public for “selling up baseball.”

Many people now believe Comiskey and gambling mogul Arnold Rothstein orchestrated the theft of the papers as part of a cover-up. Whatever the reason, the prosecution’s case and the confessions vanished, the ballplayers’ triumph would be short-lived. Only a day after the acquittal, Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, who was recently appointed as baseball’s first commissioner, issued a permanent ban on all eight players from the sport.